3 Signs It’s Time For Cataract Surgery

As we get older, our bodies begin breaking down. One of the inevitable problems we will face is cataracts. Cataracts form when proteins in your eye break down and stick together in the lens of your eye. Once they become large enough, they begin to block and distort your eyesight. This is when you may be considered for cataract surgery.

What Is Cataract Surgery?

Cataracts cannot simply be removed alone. Instead, the entire lens must be removed and replaced. This is accomplished by first cutting a “flap” in the cornea, and then carefully breaking apart the lens, usually with an ultrasonic device. The eye is unable to see without a lens, so your cataract surgeon will replace your lens with an artificial one, known as an intraocular lens or IOL.   

There are many different kinds of IOLs; you and your cataract surgeon at Vermont Eye Laser will select one that best suits your wants and needs. IOL types vary depending on how they are able to focus light. For example, a monofocal IOL can only focus light at a single distance (near or far), while multifocal IOLs can focus on multiple distances. There are also accommodating IOLs that are similar to multifocal IOLs, but they act more like a natural lens by moving inside your eye. This makes transitions between focal lengths smoother. After the IOL is placed in your eye, the flap in your cornea is closed and you can begin your recovery.

When Should I Get Cataract Surgery?

If you are in the early stages of cataracts, your doctor will not recommend having them removed until they start significantly interfering with your vision. Early cataracts may take years before they progress to the next stage of needing cataract surgery. To find out if you have cataracts and what stage you are in, you should contact Vermont Eye Laser in Burlington, VT. If you experience the following symptoms, it may be time to have your cataracts removed:

Driving At Night Seems Dangerous

Cataracts can create halos and double vision, as well as impact your ability to read signs while driving. This is especially noticeable during night driving when cars headlights can produce an unbearable glare. If at any point you feel unsafe driving, stop immediately and talk to your eye doctor.

Your Hobbies Are More Difficult

Poor vision can make enjoying even your favorite activities frustrating. Vision that has become dim, blurry, and yellowish due to cataracts makes it hard to read, watch television, or complete important computer work. Cataracts also dull the ability to distinguish contrast, which can make everyday activities even harder to complete.

Going Outside Becomes Uncomfortable

The glare that comes from advanced cataracts is noticeable during the day, too. If you enjoy playing sports or hiking, sunlight may begin to become especially painful. Patients with cataracts may experience sensitivity thanks to sunlight or artificial light.

If you’re concerned about your cataracts or thinking about undergoing cataract surgery, schedule an appointment with Vermont Eye Laser today!